The rent control law is the Rental Housing Act of 1985 (DC Law 6-10) as amended (the Act), which is codified at DC Official Code § 42-3501.01 et seq. Under the Act, an apartment building or apartment complex is called a housing accommodation, and a single apartment or house is called a rental unit. A renter is simply called the tenant, but the landlord is called the housing provider.
- Federally or District-subsidized
- Built after 1975
- Owned by a natural person (i.e., not a corporation) who owns no more than four rental units in the District
- Vacant when the Act took effect
Important Rental Accommodations Division Update
The Rental Housing Commission finalized Rent Stabilization Program regulations for the Rental Housing Act of 1985 (Act) (D.C. Official Code 2001 ed., as amended, sect. 42-3501.01 et seq.). The rules were published in volume 68, number 49 of the District of Columbia Register on December 3, 2021 and may be viewed at Search - DCRegs. The new rules will go into effect on December 31, 2021. The rulemaking implements rules under the Act in Title 14 (Housing) of the District of Columbia Municipal Regulations, Chapters 38-41.
Please see the Rental Housing Commission’s website for further information and a public memorandum from the Commission’s general counsel for guidance on critical changes at Two Major Changes Coming to the District’s Rental Housing Laws | rhc (dc.gov).
The rent increase and other moratoria in effect during the declared public health emergency expired on January 1, 2022. Effective November 5, 2021, RAD no longer offers same-day service for Housing Provider’s Disclosure to Applicant (RAD Form 3), Housing Provider’s Disclosure to New and Existing Tenants (RAD Form 4), Notice of Tenant Rights Regarding Housing Provider Disclosure Forms (RAD Form 5), Housing Provider’s Notice to Tenant of Adjustment of Rent Charged (RAD Form 8), Certificate of Notice to RAD of Adjustment in Rent Charged (RAD Form 9), and all notices to vacate (collectively Notices and Disclosures) within five (5) business days of receipt. Filings of these documents must be deposited in the drop box located in the building lobby. RAD will not provide “same day service” for Notices and Disclosures submissions. After review is completed, the filing parties will be contacted for pickup options, or if filings are defective, the filing parties will be notified. A limited option to email filings is also available. For additional information, please see:
Rental Accommodations Forms
Form 7 - There is no longer a Form 7.
Form 10 - Please contact the Rental Accommodations Division on 202-442-9505 for assistance.
Form 11 - Please contact the Rental Accommodations Division on 202-442-9505 for assistance.